• Cervical spondylosis is also known as cervical osteoarthritis or neck arthritis.
  • It is a common age related conditions
  • It will affect the joints and discs in your neck.
  • It develops from the wear and tear of the cartilage and bones found in your neck.


  1. Bone spur
  • This extra bone can press on delicate areas of the spine such as spinal cord and nerves results pain.

2. Dehydrated spinal discs

  • The gel like materials inside this disc which acts as an shock absorber while lifting, twisting and other activities can dry out over the time.
  • These causes your bone to rub together more which can be painful

3. Herniated Discs

  • The leakage of gel like material through the cracks developed in the spinal disc can press on the spinal cord and nerves.
  • This results in arm numbness and sciatica.

4. Injury

  • Injury to your neck
  • Ligaments stiffness
  • Over use
  • Repetitive strain injury

Risk Factors:

  • Cervical spondylosis often develops as a result of changes in your neck joins as you become age.
  • Neck injuries
  • Repetitive stress
  • Genetic factors
  • Smoking
  • Being over weight and inactive.


  • Symptoms can range from mild to severe. It can develop gradually or suddenly
  • Common symptom is pain around the shoulder blade.
  • Pain along the arm and in the fingers.
  • The pain might increase when standing, sitting, sneezing, coughing, tilting your neck backwards.
  • Muscle weakness
  • Hard to lift the arms or grasp object firmly
  • Stiff neck.
  • Tingling or numbness in shoulders and arms. It can also occurs in legs.


  1. Physical examination

The physical examination includes testing your reflexes checking for muscle weakness or sensory deficitis

Testing the range of motion of your neck

2. Imaging test.

X rays –  For checking bones per and other abnormalities.

CTScan –  MRI to locate pinched nerve

EMG –  To measure your nerves electrical activity



Physical Therapy

  • Stretching muscles of your arms, shoulders and neck.
  • Tracktion application
  • Hot pack and cold pack application
  • Using collar neck







  • Muscle relaxants –  Used for muscle spa sans
  • Narcotics – Used for pain relief
  • Anti epileptic drug
  • Steroid injection


  • Getting rid of part of your neck bone