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Orthopaedics

Common Neck Problems in most of adults Cervical spondylosis

  • Cervical spondylosis is also known as cervical osteoarthritis or neck arthritis.
  • It is a common age related conditions
  • It will affect the joints and discs in your neck.
  • It develops from the wear and tear of the cartilage and bones found in your neck.

Causes:

  1. Bone spur
  • This extra bone can press on delicate areas of the spine such as spinal cord and nerves results pain.

2. Dehydrated spinal discs

  • The gel like materials inside this disc which acts as an shock absorber while lifting, twisting and other activities can dry out over the time.
  • These causes your bone to rub together more which can be painful

3. Herniated Discs

  • The leakage of gel like material through the cracks developed in the spinal disc can press on the spinal cord and nerves.
  • This results in arm numbness and sciatica.

4. Injury

  • Injury to your neck
  • Ligaments stiffness
  • Over use
  • Repetitive strain injury

Risk Factors:

  • Cervical spondylosis often develops as a result of changes in your neck joins as you become age.
  • Neck injuries
  • Repetitive stress
  • Genetic factors
  • Smoking
  • Being over weight and inactive.

Symptoms:

  • Symptoms can range from mild to severe. It can develop gradually or suddenly
  • Common symptom is pain around the shoulder blade.
  • Pain along the arm and in the fingers.
  • The pain might increase when standing, sitting, sneezing, coughing, tilting your neck backwards.
  • Muscle weakness
  • Hard to lift the arms or grasp object firmly
  • Stiff neck.
  • Tingling or numbness in shoulders and arms. It can also occurs in legs.

Diagnosis:

  1. Physical examination

The physical examination includes testing your reflexes checking for muscle weakness or sensory deficitis

Testing the range of motion of your neck

2. Imaging test.

X rays –  For checking bones per and other abnormalities.

CTScan –  MRI to locate pinched nerve

EMG –  To measure your nerves electrical activity

 

Treatments:

Physical Therapy

  • Stretching muscles of your arms, shoulders and neck.
  • Tracktion application
  • Hot pack and cold pack application
  • Using collar neck

collar-image

neck-exercise

 

neck-exercise1

 

Medication

  • Muscle relaxants –  Used for muscle spa sans
  • Narcotics – Used for pain relief
  • Anti epileptic drug
  • Steroid injection

Surgery

  • Getting rid of part of your neck bone

 

 

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